Facts of the case:
- Supreme Court ruled that executing mentally retarded people is unconstitutional.
- In a 6-3 majority, they used the 8th amendment to back up their votes.
- The court used cases such as Coker vs. Georgia and Enmund vs. Florida as precedents.
- Georgia was the first state to outlaw the execution of mentally retarded people.
- Atkins had an IQ of 59, therefore reinforcing the idea that he was mentally retarded and could not be held accountable for his violent crimes.
- The case had only one witness- a forensic psychologist.
- How much do witnesses matter in Supreme Court cases? Are their testimonies taken into a lot of consideration?
- Are there other types of citizens who are exempt from the death penalty besides those with mental retardations?
- Did the public react positively or negatively to the ruling?
- Is it a federal law that mentally disabled people cannot be executed?